Person-Centered Training and Supervision with Beginning Counselors


Jo Cohen Hamilton


Although Rogers is a significant influence on current counseling and psychotherapy practice, person-centered therapy is in danger of extinction in the United States. One way to help it grow is by providing quality supervision to students who wish to become person-centered counselors and therapists. This paper introduces a five-factor model of PC training and supervision that is true to Rogers' theory and consistent with current counseling standards.

Factor 1, communicating the core conditions, is grounded in nondirective communication and the self-actualization principle. A direct application of Rogers' theory of therapy, Factor 1 can be called “counselor-centered supervision.” The remaining four factors communicate trainer/supervisor-centered attitudes.
Factor 2, training in the core conditions, introduces exercises for enhancing core-condition learning.
Factor 3, evaluation, encompasses instruction in self-evaluation, supervisor feedback, and complying with external requirements for evaluation.
Factor 4, supervising theoretical diversity, facilitates congruence in trainees' self-directed theoretical propensities, and
Factor 5, supervision ethics, asserts PC commitments to the American Counseling Association's (2005) humanistic ethical guidelines and standards of practice.